Modernism significantly changed the musical language of previous centuries in a short time. The innovative approaches and techniques brought by modernism also affected the development of polyphonic Turkish music, which has its roots in the same decades.  Many of Turkish composers, starting from the Turkish Five drew on new techniques and experiments in their works, and composed works in a broad artistic scope and different ends as merging Turkish musical culture with the European music or experiencing pure modernist aesthetics in its entirety. The Turkish Five’s effort of combining the cultural background with the language of the age reached to some unique qualities which take these technical-aesthetic innovations beyond the level of simple emulation. The second and third generation composers pursued this approach with different pursuits, sometimes by continuing the traditionalist approach, sometimes with very avant-garde initiatives, and sometimes by melting traditionalist and innovative approaches in a pot. In this study, Turkish composers’ use of cluster structures, one of the most striking innovations of the modernism movement in the context of pitch, will be examined through analyzing works chosen within the historical boundaries of the 20th century, and will be evaluated within the framework of style, design, and purpose diversity.

Keywords: Twentieth century Music, Modernism, Turkish Composers, Clusters.


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